An analysis of the characteristics and four strains of ebola virus ebola zaire ebola sudan ebola res

Ebola Virus and Disease

Controlling the virus requires the implementation of infection control measures in healthcare settings. This was the first reported case of the Sudan Ebola virus since Specimens taken from sick individuals and tested at the Institute Pasteur in Lyon France were positive for an Ebola virus by polymerase chain reaction.

The surface proteins are embedded in a lipid bilayer with surface glycoproteins [5]. The idea of this virus becoming airborne is a dangerous idea, and one that can cause massive panic. Inan Ebola virus subtype Restonwas isolated in laboratory monkeys in Reston, Virginia [7].

Bleeding may occur from mucous membranes marked by nosebleeds, bleeding gums, blood in vomit, urine, stools and sputum [12]. The Ebola virus does not have a cure or vaccine at this time.

After the initial infection patients begin intense episodes of vomiting, diarrhea, rash, impaired kidney and liver function, and internal and external bleeding [4]. In September there were a total of confirmed Ebola cases, laboratory confirmed cases and deaths, and the outbreak was still ongoing.

Many people worry that if this can happen between animals, what is to stop it from happening between people. Production of a soluble glycoprotein i. As the Ebolavirus mutates, new strands combine with one another and ultimately become a new strand of the virus.

Soon, cases were discovered in Liberia and Sierra Leone, which border Guinea. The Ebola incubation period can be as short as 2 days or as long as 21 days [4].

The virus contains a nucleocapsid which gives it some virulence as well[5]. However, though the mutations are numerous, the actual mutation itself is rather small.

There were no additional cases in Italy. If the virus were to become airborne, it would mean a faster rate of spreading from country to country, ultimately allowing this virus to infect millions in a matter of weeks.

The first outbreak occurred on 26 August in Yambuku. How Is Ebola Virus Transmitted? These lingering effects may include:The Ebola virus was first identified in a province of Sudan and in a nearby region of Zaïre in after significant epidemics in Yambuku and Nzara, both in Africa [3].

Inan Ebola virus subtype (Reston), was isolated in laboratory monkeys in Reston, Virginia [7]. Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) is a rare and deadly disease most commonly affecting people and nonhuman primates (monkeys, gorillas, and chimpanzees).

It is caused by an infection with one of five known Ebola virus species, four of. Ebola virus gets its name from the Ebola River, located in Central Africa, and is a part of the Congo River. Inthe most devastating outbreak of Ebola occurred in west Africa. The Ebola stains are often named after the area in which the strain was found in Africa.

Ebola virus disease (EVD) is a rare and often-fatal infection caused by one of the five strains of the Ebola virus. Ebola first appeared in. Ebola is a serious and deadly virus transmitted by animals and humans. It was initially detected in in Sudan and the Democratic Republic of Congo.

Researchers named the disease after the. However, the case fatality rate was below 50% in this outbreak, compared to % found in earlier outbreaks caused by other Ebola virus strains, like Zaire ebolavirus. 1 1 MacNeil A, Farnon EC, Morgan OW, et al. Filovirus Outbreak Detection and Surveillance: Lessons from Bundibugyo [PDF – KB].

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An analysis of the characteristics and four strains of ebola virus ebola zaire ebola sudan ebola res
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